Government by the Allah & For Allah
B.A.LLB 5th Semester Roll No: 53
There was a time when monarchy was the only system of Government known to the people. At that time Muslim Scholars used to glorify monarchs & monarchy By saying (the king is the
Shadow of Allah), as through Allah has a shadow! Now in Modern times democracy is in vogue & the Sunni Scholars are never tired of asserting in Hundreds &thousands of articles, books & treatises that the Islamic System of Government is based upon Democracy. They even go so far
as to claim that democracy was established by Islam, forgetting the City Republics of Greece. In the second half of the 20th century, socialism & communism are gaining hold of the undeveloped
& developing countries; and I would be surprised to hear from many well-meaning Muslim Scholars tirelessly asserting that Islam teaches & creates socialism. Some people in Pakistan &
elsewhere have invented the slogan of ‘Islamic socialism’ an expression of which the meaning don’t know. But I would not be surprised if within ten or twenty years these very people start
claiming that Islam teaches communism!
All this ‘changing with the wind’ is making a mockery of the Islamic system of leadership. Some time ago in a gathering of Muslims in an African country, in which the president of
the country was the guest of honour, a Muslim leader stated that Islam taught to ‘Obey Allah, obey the Apostle & your ruler’s.
In his reply, the president (who incidentally, was a staunch Roman Catholic) said that he appreciated very much the wisdom of the commandment to obey Allah & the Apostle of Allah; but he could not understand the logic behind the order to obey ‘Your rules’. What if
a ruler is unjust & a tyrant! Does Islam enjoin Muslim to obey him passively without resistance?
This intelligent question demands an intelligent reply. It cannot be regarded lightly. The fact is that the
person who invited that criticism, did so because of his misinterpretation of the Holy Quran. Let us examine the system of Islamic leadership.
Is it democratic? The best definition of democracy was given by Abraham Lincoln when he said that democracy was “The government of the people, by the people & for the people”.
But in Islam it is not the Government ‘of the people’. It is the ‘Government of Allah’. How do people govern themselves? They govern themselves by making their own laws; in Islam
laws are made not by the people, but by Allah; these laws are promulgated not by the consent of the people but by Allah. The people have no say in legislation; they are required
to follow, not to make any comment or suggestion about those laws & legislations: It is not for a believing man or a believing woman, when Allah and His Messenger have
decided a mater, that they should [thereafter}have any choice about their affair And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly strayed into clear error. Coming to the phrase ‘by the people’, now consider how people govern themselves. They do so by electing their own rulers. The Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H), who was the supreme executive, judicial and overall authority of the Islamic Government, was not elected by the
people. In fact, had the people of Mecca been allowed to exercise their choice they would have elected either ‘.Urwah Ibn Masud’ (of at-Taif) or AL Walid ibn Al-Mughirah (of Mecca) as the Prophet of Allah! According to Quran: And they said, “Why was this Qur’an not sent down upon a great man from [one of the two cites?”
So not only was the Supreme Head of the Islamic State appointed without the consultation of the people, but in fact it was done against their expressed wishes. The Holy Prophet is the highest
authority in Islam’s He combines in his person all the functions of legislative, executive, judicial.He was not elected by the people.
Nor is it, for that matter, a government ‘for the people’. The Islamic system, from the beginning to the end, is ‘for Allah’. Everything must be done ‘for Allah’ if it is done ‘for the people’, it is termed ‘hidden
So Islam is neither the Government of the people nor by the people. There is no legislation by the people; & the executive & judiciary is not responsible to the people. polytheism’. Whatever you do-whether it is prayer or charity, social service or family function, obedience to parents or love of neighbour, leading in prayer or deciding a case,
entering into war or concluding a peace must be done with ‘qurbatan ila llah’ , to become nearer to Allah, to gain the pleasure of Allah. In Islam everything is for Allah. In short, the Islamic form of government is the government of Allah, by the representative of Allah, to gain the pleasure of Allah. And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me. (51:56)