VYETH Student Magazine

Sana Nisar

Beggary is not a way for Livelihood


            LLB 6th Semester

                                                      Vitasta School of Law & Humanities

Beggary is a social problem of great magnitude and grave concern in various countries and even developed countries are not immune from it. Begging is a curse both for the individual beggar and also for the society.  The beggar suffers from humiliation, shame and leads a life of filth (moral defilement).

Problem of beggary has social and moral aspects. It is very common when we see healthy young women carrying babies in their arms and continuously nursing them while begging. The scenes provide shame on them when they are suckling their children on paths.

Beggary is a problem for all and particularly for children beggars who carry on their parental profession. The neglected children who run away from their homes and beg for their survival independently. They indulge in acts like smoking, drinking and become part of organised gangs. For them it is an undesirable environment in which they grow up. Beggary implies inadequate opportunities of education for such children.

The children of beggars share most of their time with their parents and it becomes a suitable environment for them to imbibe the acts of their parents. This results in dark future for them and also for the society. It has been found that beggars prefer the company of their own caste while choosing partners. It is also an alarming situation for the societies because their children live within their environment. 

If we talk about human rights and we say that, “human rights become operative with the birth of a human being” then in fact a mother or father are the first who violates the human rights of their children by inspiring them for begging and spoiling their future. They are depriving them of education, skill, respectability and morality. Such parents for their selfish ends take away the basic rights of their children, train or sell them for begging. By these selfish acts they are spoiling the future of their children.

Section 107 of Indian Penal Code provides that persons, who indulge, instigate children for begging are acting contrary to section 107 of Indian Penal Code.

There are sufficient number of beggars, who are physically fit but do not perform any manual work and prefer the easy way of begging. I personally talked with a number of beggars who were physically fit and enquired from them the reasons for such activity. Most of them replied that the main reason was their poor family background/conditions they resort to begging. On that I, suggested them about the ill effects of beggary and also informed them that by taking benefit of the welfare trusts and governmental schemes they can come out from this evil, but they remained silent and left the place silently. 

Many people consider it a moral duty to give charity, many people consider giving charity directly to beggars as a religious duty and that by feeding them one can buy a ticket to heaven, but an intelligent human being can easily understand the facts that giving charity to them directly amounts to never ending of social and moral cancer in the body of society.

As we see that welfare trusts are in operation in operation states of India. People contribute their charity to them and those trusts become the care takers of such needy persons. In Calcutta, Mumbai, Chennai, Delhi and Bangalore there are homes where beggars are kept and they are given food, shelter and are encouraged to learn some skill.

In the valley of Kashmir such trusts are also in a run or running who help the poor and orphan children, provide them education, food, shelter etc. The renowned trust “Jammu & Kashmir Yateem Trust” and its branches are spread in district and tehsil levels, other welfare trusts are working in different areas of valley. I am personally a member of two trusts in my own village namely “United Aid Trust” and “People Welfare Trust”. These trusts can be of great help in inculcating a sense of self respect and prevent people from the shameful profession of begging by providing them opportunities of education, skill, craft and self respect.  

On the other hand state is providing, with its best, under “Directive Principles of State Policy” as enshrined in part IV of the Indian Constitution, for poor families who are unable to provide education to their children, free education is being provided up-to 8th standard, free books and uniform to students. Right to education is now a fundamental right upto 14 years of age by virtue of Article 21-A of the Indian Constitution. Social welfare department is providing help to those who are unable to do any manual work. Different kinds of NGO’s are working for benefit of disabled persons, diseased persons etc.

Lastly, the persons involved in begging have made it a profession. These persons can earn their livelihood in a dignified way. They can learn skills of different kinds to meet the needs of their families and also benefit others. The blind beggars can get education in the governmental educational institutions particularly established for them. Orphans can also get education, the poor children also can get education from the particular educational institutions meant for them.

{Run away from greatness and greatness will follow you}

            — Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA)