VYETH Student Magazine

Library

G. M. Wani
Peerzada Jalal ud din Shahista Yasmeen
Library Staff of VSLH

A Library is not a building stacked with books. It is a repository and source of information and ideas , a place for learning and enquiry and for generation of thought and the creation of new knowledge .
Libraries are described as the ‘Treasure House of knowledge ‘.
Though we have grouped them under the category of store of
information they have to play an important in the collection and
organisation and dissemination of information . Different kinds
of Libraries are vested with specific responsibilities.

A. Public Libraries: in particular have the potential to
bridge the gap between the information poor and the the
information rich , by ensuring the people from all sectors and setting of society and the economy across India have access to knowledge they seek
B. Academic Libraries : These libraries meet the curricular and research needs of their readers or scholars. School, College and University libraries fall under this category
C. Special Libraries : These Libraries are sometimes called as documentation centers or information centers also . They have to provide information in an expeditious manner to the their users . Laws Of Library Sciences.


INTRODUCTION
A Library is not a building stacked with books. It is a repository and source of information and ideas , a place for learning and enquiry and for generation of thought and the creation of new knowledge . Libraries are described as the ‘Treasure House of knowledge ‘.
Though we have grouped them under the category of store of
information they have to play an important in the collection and
organisation and dissemination of information . Different kinds
of Libraries are vested with specific responsibilities. The laws of library sciences were evolved by Dr. Ranganatha . These are also called as fundamental laws . These are five in numbers , the laws of library science have a sway over the entire discipline, i, e Library Science they help in resolving any conflict that may arise during the functioning of the libraries. They guide the library staff in deciding what is right and what is
wrong in a given situation . The Law of Library Sciences were evolved in the year 1928 and detailed account of these
laws and their implications were given in the form of a book by Ranganatha in 1931 .

These laws are
First Law : Books Are For Use The elementary truth of a library is “Books are for use “ during the 15th and 16th century books were chained to shelves . Books are filled in brass frames and rings were chained to shelves . In those days days libraries were regarded as organization for preservation, but not for furthering their use . in older days books were lent to favored few . Later They were made available at a free thus the modern concept is ‘free book service for all ‘


IMPLICATIONS
Location of libraries : In the earlier days libraries were located at the outskirts of the towns in order to keep them free from dust and away from all sorts of people , for sometime library was regarded as an ornament to the city . They tried to keep the library away from inhabitants . Those who have a faith in the first law located in the heart of the city . In some of the Colleges , Library was located in the room which is regarded as unfit for any thing else so as to put them to use
Library Hours: So long as preservation had the upper hand , libraries were more closed than open ., open mostly to dust books and chose out book- worms . in the middle of thee 19th century the Oxford library was kept open for two hours on two days of a week now it is almost
kept open for the whole of the day , on all days of the year
Library Furniture:In the earlier days books were stacked up to the roofs as books were meant for preservation now-a- days the height of the shelves are kept in such a way that a reader can lay his hand on any book he wants . Now the library has adopted an open access system where any reader
can move freely among the stacks of library , Reading Rooms with cosy furniture , sound – proof floor good ventilating rooms , Drinking water ,Toilets , Canteen facility are characteristics of a modern library.


Responsibilities:
The library staff should not forget the noble cause which secured them their scholarship training emoluments and status . They should see that the books are put to maximize use by the readers . They should keep the library up – to- date In all respects
Second Law : Every reader reads His / Her book
While the first law replaced the concept “books are for preservation” the second law therefore replaced the concept “books are for a chosen few”
Implications Occupational and income lines :
In the good old times ,education and privilege of learning varied across occupational ad income lines . Some say “ too much knowledge is dangerous and library may became the
political centre”. When the library school was started in Moscow they asked as to how government tolerates library courses which pave the way for revolution. The Men and Women
It is not merely the income line that has divided the humanity , sex is another example that restricted the enforcement of the second law In India also there is still this barrier that Girl child is deprived of education.


City folk and Country folk :
Right of the country folk to book came to be respected in most of the countries these days. It is said that “India lives In villages “ ad rural libraries have to pay an important role in
bringing changes in agricultural practices , cottage industries , rural hygiene, health and family welfareNormal and Abnormal: Special libraries are to be established to cater to the information need if patience in hospitals, prisoners, blind and handicapped.


Adult and Child :
It has been held that no child has a right to any book other than text book , As education does not end up In classrooms they should e give
opportunity In the school library and public local library to form reading habits
Third law : Every book and its Reader Third law urges that an appropriate reader should be found for every book


Catalogue:
It is the catalogue that provides useful information about books and help in selection.
Reference Work:
With all the classified information and self arrangements and catalogue entries, there is a need for human factor. However reference is is a need that should act as an agent for books as books are inert and mute. They cannot select a match. It is the duty of a reference librarian to act like a marriage match maker


Shelf Arrangement:
Plays an equal role in an open access library in Canvassing for books subject Arrangement on shelves for displaying recent arrivals and novelty in arrangement and display will attract the attention of the user
Publicity : Reference librarian should try to tell public the value of books ; role of the library as a
social institution , he should make use of MASS MEDIA such as Press, Radio , Demonstration tours etc etc


Fourth Law :The fourth law says “save the time of readers “ the law therefore demands saving the time readers as well as staff. Save the time of the staff is regarded as a co-relative expression.
Stack Room Guides :
Proper guides in the stack room will save the time of the users. At the entrance there should be a large broad plan of library to help the readers in locating the section in which they are interested that should be a “single guide “on each rack inclusive class numbers be provided on the shelf plank tags on the books must be In a line so that it will be convenient for eye to
look at.
Circular System :
Centralized and cooperative cataloging , location of library , mobile libraries , library services for special classes are other means that saves users time.


Fifth Law :
As library is a growing organism the fifth law enunciates a fundamental principle that should govern the planning and organization of libraries. It is an accepted fact that growing organism will survive alone .
Implication of Growth In Size.The main parts of the organism are Books, Readers , Staff .


Books :
The number of books in a living library must and does grow.
Stack room and fittings:The part of the building which is much effected by the growth is the stack – room its size,book racks and relative position.
Periodic Room:The number of volumes of periodicals increases from year to year Catalogue Room :
A standard unit catalogue cabinet occupies a floor space of 50cm * 7o cm and can hold 48,000 catalogue cards.


Classification Scheme:
Classification Schemes selected should be comprehensive , having accommodating all the subjects of past and present and can accommodate new subjects that could crop – up in future . The notion of the scheme should be simple , flexible , less complicated , hospitable
and easy to read , write and remember.
Reading Room :
A reading Rom should be sufficient to accommodate readers of the present as well as present and increase in the number in future . It is suggested to have separate reading room for undergraduates, post graduates and teachers.
Other Sections :
There should be rooms for accommodating periodicals, audio – visual material , Computer server , OPAC, CD ROM server and terminal etc.